Jakarta: Waiting for Water

There are rising concerns over the unsustainable use of deep groundwater in the city of Jakarta, Indonesia. The overall population of Jakarta increased significantly in the 20th century, from about 100,000 in 1900 to more than 31 million in 2016 (Wendell Cox Consultancy 2016). Jakarta relies heavily on groundwater as a water source both for household and industrial consumption. We shall discuss this in detail further in this paper. There is no definitive position on when groundwater in Jakarta will run out. Some experts who project that groundwater in Jakarta could run out in the next couple of decades, others … Continue reading Jakarta: Waiting for Water

Tackling Vehicular Air Pollution in Jakarta

In 2013 Indonesia discharged over 0.5 billion tonnes of carbon monoxide which is the coequal to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of over 105.26 million commuter vehicles and the year 2015 showed a marked rise (4%) from the previous year. The 2015 global emissions database also shows Indonesia is among the G20 countries, who as a whole are responsible for 81.5% of global CO2 emissions, with Indonesia becoming the 10th largest emitter. There is a dichotomy between the data air quality measurements available from government sources and the media or public sentiments on the issue of air pollution. This has led … Continue reading Tackling Vehicular Air Pollution in Jakarta

Actions by Donors to Improve Sanitation

Sanitation is a gargantuan challenge in Jakarta. The major problem pertains to improper wastewater disposal and treatment leading to contamination of groundwater. This entails high opportunity costs in terms of lost output per capita owing to health-related consequences (health care, productivity losses and premature death). Unfortunately, sanitation has never been a priority for the government when compared with other social sectors like education and health, despite the serious threats it poses. This is evident from the low priority the government accords it in its budget allocations, despite having the goal of achieving 100% coverage by 2019. Despite ongoing financial and … Continue reading Actions by Donors to Improve Sanitation

Citizen Participation in Spatial Planning

Unlike traditional land-use planning, spatial planning provides opportunities within a national regulatory framework to integrate policies to influence the future distribution of activities in various areas. The success of spatial planning can thus be measured by how it can deliver effective public service investment at the local level while supporting the achievement of wider objectives for the province or city. Under the United Nation’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, spatial planning falls under 11th Sustainable Development Goal (SDG), namely ‘Making cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable’. One of the targets under this SDG is to “enhance capacity for participatory, integrated … Continue reading Citizen Participation in Spatial Planning

Improving Emergency Response in Jakarta

Jakarta has a history of severe flooding and studies have found that the frequency of floods has increased in recent years. In view of this recurring natural hazard, the scope of this report will focus on studying Jakarta’s emergency response, carrying out a policy evaluation and making recommendations, particularly in regard to flood management. Our proposal will focus on the process and procedures for emergency response coordination. In the course of our research, different stakeholder groups made repeated calls for better inter-agency coordination and deeper community involvement in the city’s emergency response efforts. This proposal will look at developing an … Continue reading Improving Emergency Response in Jakarta

Using Big Data to promote Climate Change Awareness in Jakarta

In Indonesia, the effects of climate change been part of daily life for quite some time. Between 1980 and 2007 Indonesia has had the second highest number of climate change related fatalities with 174,000, second only to Ethiopia 6 . In recent years, Indonesia has experienced more frequent heat waves, with up to forty percent of the population at risk to hazards such as tsunamis, floods, droughts and landslides. In 2012, Indonesia launched the Open Government Indonesia initiative with the goal of “Introducing open government reforms, including open data”. A marquee project was the development of Jakarta Smart City (JSC). … Continue reading Using Big Data to promote Climate Change Awareness in Jakarta

Action to support sustainable urban riverside neighbourhoods

Since 1950, Jakarta has experienced the phenomena of explosive population growth. Migrants flooded to Jakarta for economic reasons and in search of employment, bringing pressure to bear on housing. Growing numbers of migrants took to informal housing in the form of squatter communities, known as kampungs, along the 13 riverbanks crisscrossing the city of Jakarta. The dense riverside settlements have added huge pressure on the environment, traffic and air quality as the rivers are choked with human waste and garbage, creating serious health threats. Although Indonesian law forbids settlements along riverbanks which serve as water catchment areas, 3.5 million settlers … Continue reading Action to support sustainable urban riverside neighbourhoods

J-Cycle Urban Alliance: Initiative to Reduce Landfill Waste

64 million tonnes of garbage are produced in Jakarta every year and this amount grows at an annual rate of 2-4%. A major landslide tragedy in 2005 led the Indonesian government to focus on Solid Waste Management (SWM). To minimise the amount of garbage going to the landfill, the government changed its focus from an “End-of-pipe” approach to a “Reduce at Source & Resource Recycling” approach. Despite these initiatives, SWM in Indonesia hasn’t improved. The United Nation’s assessment attributes this to financial constraints, and the low technical and managerial capacities of local governments. The SWM value chain in Jakarta has … Continue reading J-Cycle Urban Alliance: Initiative to Reduce Landfill Waste

Sustainable Development of Rural Areas in Indonesia with the Help of Private Companies

According to a recent World Bank report, inequality is rising fast in Indonesia. The Gini coefficient has risen from 30 in 2000, to 41 in 2013. Besides inequality between the different income classes, the report also highlights the divide between rural and urban areas. Amongst poor urban children, only 2% experienced the triple whammy of poor housing, unclean drinking water and poor sanitation while 18% of the poor rural children experienced all three, with 27% of them experiencing both poor housing and poor sanitation. In 2016 the government began considering the possibility of imposing mandatory CSR among all companies in … Continue reading Sustainable Development of Rural Areas in Indonesia with the Help of Private Companies

Tourism Game Changer: North Jakarta

North Jakarta is located near to Jakarta’s international airport, and is a destination within the city that has great potential for increased tourism activity that would contribute to economic growth for the city. The 12 North Jakarta Coastal Tourism Destination plan that was launched on 26 July 2009 sets the focus for North Jakarta’s development policy. Several of the tourism sites within the plan consist of cultural and historical sites. These sites display Jakarta’s rich history, dating as far back as the Dutch colonial era. The authors of this paper have therefore recommended the creation of a Heritage Trail in … Continue reading Tourism Game Changer: North Jakarta

Introducing Participatory Decision-Making in Jakarta Coastal Flooding Management

Jakarta, Indonesia’s largest city with a population of over 10 million in the central city, and over 30 million in the metropolitan region, is a delta city that has constantly been at risk of flooding. Bounded by the Java sea to the North and the Puncak highlands to the south, 40 percent of Jakarta currently lies below sea level1, leaving it vulnerable to coastal flooding. In 2007, seawater crashed over the sea wall in northern Jakarta which, added to the flooding from heavy rains, caused nearly 60 per cent of the city to be inundated and an estimated 340,000 people … Continue reading Introducing Participatory Decision-Making in Jakarta Coastal Flooding Management