Jakarta: Waiting for Water

There are rising concerns over the unsustainable use of deep groundwater in the city of Jakarta, Indonesia. The overall population of Jakarta increased significantly in the 20th century, from about 100,000 in 1900 to more than 31 million in 2016 (Wendell Cox Consultancy 2016). Jakarta relies heavily on groundwater as a water source both for household and industrial consumption. We shall discuss this in detail further in this paper. There is no definitive position on when groundwater in Jakarta will run out. Some experts who project that groundwater in Jakarta could run out in the next couple of decades, others … Continue reading Jakarta: Waiting for Water

Sustainable Development of Rural Areas in Indonesia with the Help of Private Companies

According to a recent World Bank report, inequality is rising fast in Indonesia. The Gini coefficient has risen from 30 in 2000, to 41 in 2013. Besides inequality between the different income classes, the report also highlights the divide between rural and urban areas. Amongst poor urban children, only 2% experienced the triple whammy of poor housing, unclean drinking water and poor sanitation while 18% of the poor rural children experienced all three, with 27% of them experiencing both poor housing and poor sanitation. In 2016 the government began considering the possibility of imposing mandatory CSR among all companies in … Continue reading Sustainable Development of Rural Areas in Indonesia with the Help of Private Companies